Members of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives met May 14 in Washington, D.C., for a news conference to discuss the next steps and goals for the newly-named Unmanned Aerial Systems Center of Excellence, a consortium of universities that will research and develop technologies and policies for the use of unmanned aerial systems in the United States. The Federal Aviation Administration has named the Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence, a consortium of universities headed by Mississippi State, to lead the UAS COE. Included in the press conference were, from left, Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska); retired Maj. Gen. James Poss, U.S. Air Force, ASSURE UAS executive director; President Mark E. Keenum, Mississippi State University; Sen. Thad Cochran (R-Miss.); Sen. John Hoeven (R-N.D.); Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.); FAA Administrator Michael Huerta; Rep. Kevin Cramer (R-N.D.); and Rep. Gregg Harper (R-Miss.).
The Federal Aviation Administration has selected a Mississippi State-led team to operate a new National Center of Excellence for Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
Mississippi’s flagship research university is leading the coalition of academic and industry partners that will launch a new era of commercial unmanned aircraft research, development, and integration into the nation’s airspace.
In May, the FAA announced that MSU’s Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (ASSURE) will operate the new center.
Congress has charged the FAA with developing rules regulating commercial unmanned aerial systems (UAS), and the new center will play a key role in that process. The center of excellence will provide the agency and industry with research to maximize the potential of commercial unmanned systems with minimal changes to the current system regulating manned aircraft.
ASSURE will form teams between its member universities, government agencies and industry partners to address both government and commercial UAS challenges.
“This world-class, public-private partnership will help us focus on the challenges and opportunities of this cutting-edge technology,” said U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx. “We expect this team will help us to educate and train a cadre of unmanned aircraft professionals well into the future.”
The COE research areas are expected to evolve over time, but initially will include: detect and avoid technology; low-altitude operations safety; control and communications; spectrum management; human factors; compatibility with air traffic control operations; and training and certification of UAS pilots and other crewmembers, in addition to other areas.
“This team has the capabilities and resources to quickly get up and running to help the FAA address the demands of this challenging technology over the next decade,” said FAA Administrator Michael Huerta.
The FAA expects the COE will be able to begin research by September and be fully operational and engaged in a robust research agenda by January 2016.
“Our researchers are among the very best in the world, and leading this national center of excellence is another example of the tremendous contributions major research universities make to the communities and constituencies they serve,” said Mississippi State President Mark E. Keenum.
In addition to its robust research infrastructure, the land-grant institution is the only university in the state with FAA certificates of authorization to operate UAS’s.
Congress appropriated $5 million for the five-year agreement with the COE, which will be matched one-for-one by the team members.
While research will take place at member universities throughout the U.S. and globally, the center’s work will be concentrated at Stennis Space Center in Hancock County to take advantage of airspace over the Gulf of Mexico, in the Mississippi Delta to conduct unmanned precision agriculture research, and around MSU’s Raspet Flight Research Lab in Starkville.
“This has been a six-year effort for Mississippi State and three years for our partner universities. We picked our team because they know unmanned systems and they know the FAA. That will make it easier to turn UAS research into FAA rules quickly,” said USAF Maj. Gen. (Ret.) James Poss, the executive director of the ASSURE FAA UAS COE team at Mississippi State.
The use of unmanned air systems in non-conflict situations is growing with applications well suited for natural disaster response, humanitarian relief efforts, environmental impact assessment and precision agriculture, according to David Shaw, MSU’s chief research officer.
“We are well positioned to expand our significant role in unmanned aerial systems research and development, as well as manufacturing, here in Mississippi and around the country with our ASSURE partners,” the vice president for research and economic development said.
The university’s collaborative approach to research and “real world” impact are keys to its growing research enterprise, Shaw said.
For example, he noted, MSU’s Raspet Flight Research Lab has served as a start-up facility for various aerospace companies in the state providing workspace, technical training, and assistance with product development and research over the past decade. These efforts and Mississippi State researchers’ expertise have helped companies such as American Eurocopter, Aurora Flight Science, GE Aerospace and Stark Aerospace establish bases in Mississippi and bring more than 700 high-tech jobs to the state.
The university’s scientists are also using UAS as another remote sensing tool available to collect visual and multispectral data.
“Precision agriculture is data-driven and UAS technology adds another significant layer of data for researchers and ultimately crop consultants and producers to assess and utilize in a meaningful way,” said Robert Moorhead, the director of the Geosystems Research Institute.
Additionally, MSU and Hinds Community College announced a 2 Plus 2 academic partnership in precision agriculture last month. The program will provide students opportunities to learn about cutting-edge technology—including UAS—and prepare them for leadership roles in 21st Century agribusiness.
According to the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, the domestic UAS market is projected to create more than 100,000 jobs and $82 billion in economic impact in the first decade after FAA integration is complete. During the same period, the UAS industry could create more than 1,200 jobs and approximately $973 million in economic impact in Mississippi alone.
By Jim Liard